Why was the Indian Mujahideen born?

IMThe statement made yesterday linking the formation of the Indian Mujahideen to the Gujarat riots has become a debating point. The National Investigation Agency chargesheet is what has been quoted for making this statement.

Almost every terrorist arrested on the Indian soil has either quoted the Babri Masjid incident or the Gujarat riots. However if one does read through the NIA chargesheet or the very first dossier on the Indian Mujahideen the picture is quite different. While the NIA chargesheet does not make a general statement on the IM-Gujarat riots link, the very first dossier on this outfit speaks about a very clear pattern that emerged in the year 1995. Continue reading “Why was the Indian Mujahideen born?”


5 groups and 20K terrorists target India


The attack at Kashmir by terrorists yesterday is just a grim reminder that no leader in Pakistan can ever put an end to this menace. Prime Minister of Pakistan, Nawaz Sharif may have claimed that he would put an end to terrorism, but the fact is that it really is not under his control.

The latest reports prepared by the Indian Intelligence Bureau and the American agencies would suggest that there are 15 groups active in Pakistan of which 5 are aimed specifically at India. These 15 groups have 20000 members in all and each of them are being trained to undertake terror activities in different parts of the world. In so far as India is concerned the problem is from 5 groups which have an active strength of around 11000 members of which 2500 are in Pakistan while the rest are in India. Pakistan has allocated Rs 61 million to the Jamaat-ud-Dawa which is the parent body of the Lashkar-e-Tayiba which both agencies in India as well as the United States of America say is being used for terror and not philanthropic activity.Here are the groups that have been listed out by both the Indian and American agencies which pose the gravest threat to India:

Continue reading “5 groups and 20K terrorists target India”

Afzal a mercenary, Bhatt an ideologue

From Left: Maqbool Bhat,Afzal Guru.
From Left: Maqbool Bhat,
Afzal Guru.

The hanging of Azal Guru, has raised the debate whether it would mark the return of insurgency in Kashmir as it did at the time of the Maqbool Bhat hanging. Many leaders in Kashmir are apprehensive that the effects of this hanging would not have an immediate impact, but it is bad news for the Valley in the future.

Continue reading “Afzal a mercenary, Bhatt an ideologue”

Framed, Damned and Acquitted

Framed, Damned and Acquitted-Dossiers of Very Special Cell is an interesting report which speaks about the manner in which the Delhi Police Special Cell went about terming several youth as terrorists, but were unable to defend the same in the court of law.
Prepared by the Jamia Milia Islamia University, this report deals with 16 cases in which there are 11 youth from Kashmir. These cases were booked between the years 1992 and 2008 and each one of them resulted in an acquittal for the want of proper evidence and in some cases it was also stated that the evidence had been tampered with.

Here are the cases studies of some of the cases:

Farooq Ahmed and 16 others were picked up in the year 1996 in connection with the car blast at Lajpat Nagar. In this case four of them were acquitted. Those acquitted in the case were Mirza Iftiqar Hussain, Latif Ahmed Waza, Syed Maqbool Shah and Abdul Gani.
It was alleged by the police that a Waza was in possession of a Rs 2 note which was to be handed over to Hussain. The note was said to be a code for the delivery of Rs 1 lakh which was meant to be used for the blast. It was also the case of the Delhi police that Farooq’s clothes and a stepney of the car used in the blast were recovered from the house of Maqbool.
However in court the case fell apart and there was no involvement of either Hussan or Waza which was found. It was also found that he delivery of the Rs 1 lakh had taken place on June 16th after the entire incident had come to a close and there was also no evidence that the recovery that took place at Maqbool’s house belonged to Farooq. In the year 2010, Faqoor and Farida Dar were found guilty of making phone calls claiming responsibility for the blast, but they were released as they had served out their jail term.

The case against Ayaz Ahmed Shah was that he had confessed to be part of the Hizb-e-Islami outfit in Kashmir. He was picked up in the year 2004 at the Metro Station in Delhi on the ground that he was waiting for a youth to deliver explosives and hawala money.
However there was no public witness and the witness given by the police were found to be contradictory in nature. Moreover the police were unable to ascertain that he belonged to the outfit in question.

In the case against Arshad Malik it was alleged that he came to Delhi from Kashmir to collect funds. The police also stated that they had recovered cash and explosives based on his confessions.
The court however suspected tampering of the forensics report and also held that enlisting of independent witnesses had been left out by the police deliberately. While the first report stated that an AK-47 had been seized the recovery memo mentions the weapon as an AK-56.

Saqib Rehman, Ahmed Shah, Nazir Ahmed, Moinuddin Dar, Bashir, Abdul Majid Bhat, Abdul Qayoom Khan and Birender Kumar Singh were arrested July 2, 2005 were arrested after a chase by the police on the Delhi-Jaipur highway. It was alleged that they were ferrying a consignment of arms.
In this case, the evidence did not stand on various counts. It was found that the registeration of the car was done months after the incident. The court in its verdict held that four police officers had fixed these youth at the behest of Major Sharma of the military intelligence. Sharma was trying to get Dar to work for him and when he refused this case was built up.

The case of the police against Gulzar Ganai and Amin Hajam a government employee was that they were closely associated with a Lashkar-e-Tayiba operative by the name ABu Tahir. They were picked up in the year 2006 and it was stated that they were in Delhi to supply arms and ammunition. A sum of Rs 6 lakh was also recovered.
During the testimony before the court, the witness stated that the two had been arrested much earlier than what was shown and it amounted to illegal detention. Moreover the claim of the police that they were in a bus that day was also turned out when the conductor testified that they were not on that bus. Moreover the ticket chart also does not mention anything.

In the month of March, year 2005, the police arrested Hamid Hussain, Mohammad Shariq, Iftekhar Ahsan Malik, Maulana Dilawar Khan, Masood Ahmed, Haroon Rashid from Delhi and Dehradun. The charge against them was they Hamid was a Lashkar operative who had visited Kashmir to get arms. It was also stated that as per their confession they were planning to attack the Indian Military Academy at Dehradun.
However in court the police were unable to link Hussain with the incident.

Tariq Dhar was picked up by the Bangladesh Rapid Action Battalion on charges that he was an agent with the Research and Analysis Wing. Dar was then sent to New Delhi and he was picked up by the Delhi Special Cell. It was alleged that he was aiding a commander of the Lashkar in Dhaka.
In the court the police filed a discharge application against him and also there was nothing to show that he was a wanted accused.

Imran Ahmed was arrested on the charge that he was the brother of a Lashkar operative Khali and was helping in facilitating an operation. The court however did not find any evidence and it also held that there was a contradiction in the statements made by the police. It was also held that he was carrying money with him to buy a house in Delhi and not for a terror strike.

In the case of Khurshid Ahmed Bhatt it was alleged that he was named by a Jaish-e-Mohammad operative. In the year 2008 when he was arrested he was a juvenile. The police said they had recovered a Jaish Id card and also some arms.
The court however held that there was not a single witness to the arrest. Moreover the claim by the police that they reached the Pampore police station and then went to Khadawala Chown where the the Jammu and Kashmir police checked passing vehicles, and arrested Khurshid, all between 4.30 pm and 5 pm. Court found the claims of doing so much in 30 minutes was a bogus claim.

Mukhthar Ahmed Khan was arrested from Azadput on June 12 2007 on the charge that he was a Lashkar operative staying a hotel in Delhi. The police said that he had the contacts of top Lashkar leaders and also had been to Kashmir to collect explosives.
In the court the prosecution was unable to prove that the phone belonged to him. Moreover the Delhi police had claimed that he had disappeared despite being under the radar and the court questioned the police as to how this had happened.

Manisha Sethi of the Jamia Milia Islamia University says the report suggests that the police stand exposed before the court of law. We worked on the cases of absolute acquittal and our team compiled records of court proceedings and also got some information through the RTI.

Modi- A pet subject in school of hate

While on one hand the Indian Mujahideen has been attempting to regroup, on the other hand, Pakistan based terror groups have increased the focus on Gujarat. Police officials and Intelligence Bureau officials confirmed that there has been excessive activity in Gujarat and the Lashkar-e-Tayiba and the Jaish-e-Mohammad have been planning on assasinating Gujarat Chief Minister Narendra Modi.
The past couple of weeks have seen a series of arrests. First six operatives of the Indian Mujahideen were picked up and then two Pakistani spies were also arrested. The arrest of Karachi based Soofia and Imran have led to a stockpile of information. After the arrest and during interrogation the duo revealed that they were in India at the behest of the ISI and their brief in specific was to get as much information on Modi so that they could lay out a plan to assasinate him.
Modi has been on the list of every terrorist organisation for quite sometime and intelligence agencies say that they have found plans being hatched to kill him by almost every terrorist that they have interrogated. Modi is a subject matter of discussion in every school of gate run by the jihadis. There are videos, scriptures and many such material on him which are used while recruitments are taking place.
Soofia and Imran during their interrogation pointed out that apart from the plan on Modi they were also asked to select and survey other targets in Gujarat. They said that the ISI had been planning a very big operation in Gujarat. However they did not provide more information and the police feel that the extent of their brief was only limited to this.
Another factor that came to light was that the ISI was using Nepal as a launch pad for operations in Gujarat. The ISI despite so much pressure still finds the Nepal base and route the easiest to operate from. Both Soofia and Imran were sent to Nepal from Karachi a couple of months back. They were then sent to Gujarat where they were told to undertake the job. They managed to get away initially without being noticed as they had no past record on them. However their movements during their India raised a suspicion following which they were picked up.
The police state that the duo were however not sent in to assasinate the Gujarat Chief Minister. Their job was specific to logistics. They have picked up some information but not to the extent the ISI would have expected. Moreover they have not been able to share much of the information as they were nabbed right in time, the IB and police pointed out. The other bit of information available is that the two of them did not belong to one particular outfit. They were working for the ISI and the agency in turn would have assigned the job of execution either to the Lashkae of JeM.
The interrogation of the six Indian Mujahideen operatives too has led to similar information. Most of them spoke about rebuilding the defunct IM module in Gujarat. They said that their modules were busted a great deal after the Ahmedabad blasts and the entire focus was to rebuild in that state. However they were exploring the option of setting stronger modules in the neighbouring states and use it as a launch pad in Gujarat.

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The case against Afzal Guru and others

Afzal Guru. Photo credit: The Hindu

Speak of the Parliament attack and the first name that comes to mind is Afzal Guru. The fate of this man lies in the hands of the President of India who is to decide on his mercy petition that ha been filed 5 years back.

After filing the mercy petition the matter was pending before the President. It was once again sent to the Home Ministry for review and only recently was it rejected and sent back to the President of India.

The BJP has made this one of its prime issues every time it raises the subject of national security. There has been a lot spoken about how dangerous it is to keep him alive in jail lest it leads to another Khandahar type operation. They further argue that there is no reason for the Congress to be soft on Guru especially when the courts of the land have awarded him a death penalty after looking closely into the case.
During the course of arguments before the trial judge, High Court and the Supreme Court, the case of the prosecution was this: They told the courts that the conspiracy was hatched by Maulana Masood Azhar who led the Jaish-e-Mohammad. He instructed Ghazi Baba to carry out an attack on key installations in India including the Indian Parliament. Baba who was in charge of the JeM in Kashmir roped in a person by the name Tariq who roped in Afzal Guru and Mohammad Haider. It was alleged that Guru helped bring in the ammunition into Delhi with the help of his militant contacts. It was further alleged that Guru kept in touch with
Shaukat Hussain Guru, Shaukat’s wife Afzan Guru and S. A. R. Geelani. Prior to the attack the militants were in touch with Guru.
Further the prosecution also argued that through some of the phone numbers obtained after the arrest of Guru, they found the records to Geelani. It was also stated that it was Geelani who led the police to the other accused persons.
Those arguing in favour of Guru have another story to tell. The first point that they would put out is that the Supreme Court while convicting him had clearly mentioned that it had circumstantial evidence against him and he was neither the mastermind neither was he the executor of the attack. It is said that Guru had joined the Jammu Kashmir Liberation Front, but was unhappy and hence surrendered himself. Further it is contended that he had accompanied one of the accused Mohammad who purchased the ambassador car which was used during the attack, but did not know what he was actually accompanying him for.
While this is the law related to the case, the other point of contention in the political circles is that hanging Afzal Guru would mean the death of peace in Kashmir. Some within the valley would go on to contend that hanging Afzal Guru would be a mistake and the people would never trust the Indian government ever again which would effectively mean disruption of peace and a stumbling block leading up to the reselution of the Kashmir issue.
While Afzal Guru is one part of the story, the other story is the remaining absconders in this case. As per the chargesheet, the main accused is Maulana Masood Azhar of the Jaish-e-Mohammad and his accomplices, Ghazi Baba and Tariq Ahmed. Ghazi Baba, according to security forces was killed in a gun battle a couple of years back.
India can claim that it has completed the probe in the Parliament attack, but the fact of the matter is that the main person behind this attack, Azhar is still out of our radar.
Azhar figures in all the dossiers that India has sent to Pakistan. His release during the hostage swap of December 31 1999 proved to be a costly affair. Not only did he get back to Pakistan and come back very strong with his new outfit, the Jaish-e-Mohammad, but he also was involved in planning the Parliament attack.
Although today his area of operation has been restricted to Kashmir alone, the man is very ambitious and had sworn to take over Ayodhya, Amritsar and also New Delhi. He has made it very clear that violence would be the only way to win over Kashmir and to attain this goal he would go to any length.
Although the ISI has contained him to the Valley alone, it is still a worrying factor that the man is out on the lose. His outfit undertakes only fidayeen strikes and they seem to have one of the best in the business.
According to the Indian Intelligence Azhar has been toying with the idea of joining the battle at Afghanistan, but the ISI has ensured that he continue to fight the Kashmir battle. He is an inspirational figure to his cadres in his own right and as long as he lives it only means India has a head ache on hand.

A pre-cursor to another 26/11?

The National Investigating Agency says that it would soon have the much awaited chargesheet against David Headley and Tawwahur Rana. While most of the points mentioned in the chargesheet would in tandem with the investigation conducted by the FBI and also the testimony of Headley, the more important feature that would figure is regarding the ambitious Karachi Project.

Ever since the arrest of Headley there has been a lot that has been spoken about the Karachi Project. This project has a lot of relevance as it is considered to be one of the most ambitious projects staged by the dreaded ISI where it plans on combining Pakistan forces and also home grown terrorists to launch a spate of attacks on India.

Sources in the Intelligence Bureau who have been keeping a track of this project say that the information gathered so far indicates that there is still work going on regarding this project and the ISI plans on involving several Indian cadres from all parts of the country. One should not be under the misconception that this is a one off attack. Instead it would be a series of attacks and would classify as a full fledged war against India. The 26/11 attack was just a reminder that Pakistan has every intention of carrying out a battle with India by targeting innocents in India. They do realise that their war along the border has not yielded any success and hence for them it would be a better option to launch terror strikes at regular intervals so that there is chaos in the nation.

The re-grouping of the Indian Mujahideen is just a pre-cursor to the Karachi attack. If one notices the recent arrests, it becomes clear that the cadres were arrested from different parts of the country only going on to show that their operations were spread out. The IM would is looking to tweek its strong pockets in the country and would make use of existing resources to re-group. Moreover they have been getting ample help from Pakistan based outfits such as the Jaish-e-Mohammad and also the Lashkar-e-Tayiba to set up their modules.

The main idea would be to have a strong home grown outfit such as the IM and then launch a series of attacks across the country. The attacks could be small or big in nature, but the main idea would be continue causing havoc and keep investigators on their toes.

The IB says that the bigger attack would however be launched by a dedicated outfit from Pakistan. There is a need to be on the look out as the ISI plans a repeat of 26/11. Take a look at the incidents leading up to 26/11. There was absolute chaos in the country in the form of a series of blasts which started off at Jaipur and Uttar Pradesh. Then there were a series of attacks in a spate of a month which occurred at Bangalore Ahmedabad and Delhi. What these attacks ideally did was throw the police off guard and kept them on the trail of the Indian Mujahideen cadres. In the bargain the bigger issue was completely ignored which unfortunately led up to the 26/11 attack.

This is something that they would want to repeat. Despite there being a lot of world pressure on Pakistan there is no way in which they can keep their forces on hold and they would want such attacks to be repeated on Indian soil. It is a monster they have created and they will continue to be eaten by them, an IB official pointed out.

However the second part of the Karachi project is no big secret today. India could say that the pattern is well known and unlike the 26/11 days we are not entirely in the dark today.

Headley spoke at length about this project and even takes the Ilyas Kashmiri to be involved in this. When one takes the name of Kashmiri, it becomes clear that it is not some attack involving a bomb blast, but would be a full fledged fidayeen strike. This also gives the impression that all terror outfits in Pakistan are standing together and there is no confusion what so ever between the Al-Qaeda and also the Lashkar.

Former Home Secretary G K Pillai too had once said that the worry is that Headley during his India trip had prepared much more than just sketches for the 26/11 attack. He had visited Delhi among other places and prepared sketches and these have fallen into the hands of Pakistan based groups. It could always be used as we have seen how well he has documented the targets in the past.

Intelligence Bureau officials also point out that Pakistan is well prepared for such an attack and it is important that we do not carried away by smaller operations. Although it is important to keep a constant check on home grown activities, there is a bigger need to watch what is happening across the border.

NIA sources say that there is a lot of proof regarding this project and Headley too has provided details regarding the same and it would be documented too.

Looking at our threats 3 years later

Three years have passed since India witnessed one of its worst terror attacks. While the National Investigating Agency tries to pile on the evidence in the case specific to David Headley and Tawwahur Rana, security agencies across the country find themselves being foxed by a new wave of terror-Uroganised Hell.
All agencies including the NIA which probes terror cases say that the biggest threat perception for India would be from within. Home grown terror which would be carried on smaller scales will continue to haunt the country. We do not dispute the fact that the Lashkar-E-Tayiba will look to launch bigger attacks. However there would be these smaller cases every now and then which would continue to cause an irritant to security forces. Radha Vinod Raju, former boss of the NIA too points out that such fringe groups would continue to trouble agencies thus making the job ahead very tough.
The Indian Mujahideen in particular which has been revamped as the Bullet 313 is capable enough to carry out smaller strikes even in their weakest form. Although they are lying low today, there continues to be splinter groups within the outfit which carry out individual attacks. In addition to this there has been some movement within this group which indicates they are trying to strenghthen themselves. Intelligence Bureau reports suggest that some members of the Student Islamic Movement of India have been moving into the I’m. This is largely because of the frustration of the ban. Many members feel that the government is being unfair towards them and the better way to hit back is to join the IM which is a clearly a destructive outfit.
While the threat from the IM would continue to haunt India, the other headache comes from the Babbar Khalsa International which has shown all signs of a major come back. Although the area of focus for the BKI would be mainly Punjab, the ISI has been coaxing them to widen their area of operation to New Delhi also. The recent Ambala haul is testimony to that fact. This outfit would however focus on hitting out using political reasons. Unlike the IM which carries out attacks on innocents, the BKI would be used for bigger operations such hostage crisis and political murders. The BKI which has been sheltered by the ISI too has insisted on such type of attacks since they do not want to divert from their original cause.
Security experts also do not downplay the threat by some Hindu groups in the days to come. The recent spate of investigations have sure put the breaks on them, but it is a threat that cannot be ruled out completely. Their attacks would however be retaliatory in nature, police and Intelligence sources point out.
The areas of concern in India in the days to come would be Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Kerala, Karnataka and Uttar Pradesh. The IB has sounded alerts regarding these states as they are considered to be the epicente of terror. A lot of movement especially by Islamic organisations have been found in these states and reports suggest that most of the modules are very much active in these parts of the country.
On the international front, the threat perception for India is largely from the Lashlar, Harkat-ul-Jihadi and the Jaish-e-Mohammad. The HuJI has been making moves and have had sucess to a certain extent. The investigations into the Delhi High Court blasts point towards HuJI. This outfit had warned of an attack at Delhi recently. Their modules are active mainly in Hyderabad, Delhi West Bengal and Kerala.
The biggest threat from over seas however is from the Lashkar. The ambitious Karachi project is something that continues to be a concern. Although Pakistan does claim that it is doing everything to curb terror, all reports from across the border show that the Karachi project which is a combine between Pakistani and Indian Home grown jihadis is on. Stephen Tankel, an expert on matters pertaining to this outfit pointed out that Lashkar is still India’s biggest enemy and the outfit could unleash fury.

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Bhat and Shah

A question that India would like to ask Pakistan is regarding the whereabouts of a man by the name Muzzamil Bhat. There has been a deathly silence on this man who imparted training to all the ten terrorists who carried out the 26/11 attacks.

Indian Intelligence Bureau officials say that Pakistan has sure gone soft on Bhat and also another man by the name Zarar Shah who was the tech wizard during the 26/11 attack.

Shah according to Pakistan agencies is under arrest. Although India doubts the identity of the man, Pakistan claims that he is the man that has been spoken about and he is in their custody.

The likes of both Bhat and Shah are very crucial to any country that is waging a war against terrorism. According to Pakistan, Shah was arrested in the year 2008 itself but as per Indian records his name crops up as Wajid. This is an alias is what Pakistan has to say, but according to India there is no real confirmation on the identity of the man.

There is a reason why the weak stance on these two persons could be a cause for concern. Shah is an tech wizard who is responsible for the IT wing of the Lashkar-e-Tayiba whole Bhat is one of the best fighters whose services the Lashkar and the ISI cannot do without. Hence it is natural that Pakistan would do everything to protect these two.

Bhat is referred to several times in the Headley investigation. Headley claims that Bhat was his handler between the years 2005 and 2007. Moreover India has specific information that it was Bhat who imparted combat training to all the ten gun men who carried out the 26/11 attack.

India has been on the trail of Bhat for quite some time now. His journey in India commenced with the Kashmir battle and every Lashkar operative fighting this battle was trained by him. His next tryst on India soil was the Akshardham attack. It has been found that he had planned the attack.

Shah on the other hand has been one of the most trusted aides of Zaki-ur-Rehman Lakhvi. The technology cell of the Lashkar plays a very important role during any attack. He was the one who sent out the mails after the 26/11 attack in the name of the Deccan Mujahideen. Further he ensured that all calls that were being made between the attackers and the terrorists on the ground went on smoothly.

The IB says that there is no doubt that Shah will continue to play an important role in the operations of the Lashkar. However the bigger worry is Bhat who continues to go about his business with no problem at all.

Today Bhat runs two camps in Pakistan at Bhawalpur and Fort Abbas. There is a lot of activity that goes on here and Bhat has been personally training the fidayeens in these camps. In fact they have even tied up with the Jaish-e-Mohammad and these two groups train together in these facilities. In fact the two groups have ensured that nearly 200 fidayeens slipped into India in batches.

In so far as Shah, there needs to be further investigation as he has access to a very important data base. He has personally prepared a data base comprising 340 different sites which could be attacked and in so far India is concerned there are nearly 40 targets. This information was gathered by the FBI which got access to the data base prepared by Shah. However the worry is he could have more information on him and this may not have come out in public domain.

Read: Men who played key role in 26/11

“Freelance Jihad”


It is a concept know as freelance Jihad and these traits were found following theVaranasiand 13/7 blasts. There was a great deal of suspicion regarding this concept and investigators had started to make sense out of it after these two blasts.

This has raised a very big question about the manner in which terror operations would be carried out inIndiain the future and today going by the investigations into the Delhi High Court blasts it becomes clear that this is nothing but a concept known as outsourced or freelance Jihad.

In this context the investigation/interrogation of Waseem Malik, an accused in theDelhiblasts becomes important.

At the start of the interrogation the National Investigating Agency believed that Malik a resident of Kashmir who studied inBangladeshwas an operative of the Jaish-e-Mohammad. However as they continued to interrogate him it became clear that he only followed their ideology and did not have a direct link with the outfit. During the probe they have also found he had arranged for a couple of like minded boys to carry out theDelhioperation and during a visit toIndiafromBangladesh, he actually finalised the entire plan.

In reality the entireDelhiplot is still a mystery and it would be a while before the real picture comes out. There is a great deal of confusion regarding the men who carried out the blasts as some Intelligence reports also went on to suggest that this could well be a ploy between the Babbar Khalsa International and the Lashkar-e-Tayiba. The NIA says it is looking into leads and at this point in time they would not want to say much about the progress of the investigations. The leads are strong and we will shortly crack is what they say. Regarding the interrogation of Malik, they say he has been speaking about the operation and has also told them from Bangaladesh he had gone toDelhiwhere he met up with a couple of youth with whom he planned this attack. Going by the initial reports it is clear that he had masterminded the operation.

While the operation by Malik is something that is being probed the bigger angle to be looked into is this new concept which is becoming quite an irritating trend today. Right from Kerala toKashmirthis trend is being found and this has eventually led to the creation of splinter groups which again has made the job of security agencies a big headache.

Sources in the Intelligence Bureau say that these boys just subscribe to the views of a particular organisation and then they carry out a blast in the name of that outfit. Most of the time these outfits would not even know about the existence of such persons and the more interesting part is that they don’t not even object to someone subscribing to their ideology and carrying out an attack in their name.

The trend basically of carrying out attacks individually started in Kerala. T Nasir, the accused in theBangaloreblast is the man who set this precedent. However today one can get to see such trends in Kashmir, Kerala, Uttar Pradesh andDelhi. Earlier there were individuals who subscribed the views of the Indian Mujahideen and carried out attacks in Uttar Pradesh and also Old Delhi. Today that trend can be found inKashmirand the Delhi High Court is one such example. The IB says that even terror groups have intentionally let such individuals carry out such attacks. They do not provide any support materially or financially and have no qualms about their name being used. These youth who operate individually have managed to learn the tricks of the trade on their own. Procuring ammunition is also not an issue since they have access to several persons who can arrange for the same. The person who supplies the material is also another individual and would have procured the material either through some terror group or stolen it from a place where it has been seized.

These terror groups are aware that such operations will only create havoc in the Indian security system and they are quite pleased that such activities are taking place. What makes matters worse is that after the incident, police keep groping in the dark since they never seem to find a pattern.

Take the case of Malik. As per his interrogation he was just a medical student. However he felt very strongly about theKashmircause and also goes on to say that he hero worshipped Afzal Guru. This is one of the reasons why the mail sent out after the Delhi High Court blast had a mention about the Afzal Guru death row. He said that he felt very strongly about this issue and felt that he needed to do something about it. He had started off as a normal human being but later realised that he needed to do something forKashmirsince he felt that there was too much injustice. He gradually started to believe that Jihad was the only way out and he had planned on dedicating his life for the cause. He felt that the people ofKashmirhad waited long enough and had borne the brunt of draconian terror laws.

The IB says that Malik is just one such person in this entire mess. There is a gradual movement of radicalisation which is on in various parts of the country and the more one digs into the last few incidents of terror this fact becomes evident. At first investigators were under the impression that theVaranasi, 13/7 and the Delhi High Court blasts were inter connected. However today one fact becomes clear and that all these were individual operations and in the days to come there would be more such incidents of freelance Jihad.