Ten years have gone since India witnessed one of its most embarrassing attacks- The attack on the Indian Parliament. After an attack of such a magnitude one would have expected a complete clean up of the system.
If we look at the chronology of the attacks that have taken place after the parliament attack, it paints quite a pathetic picture.
Sept. 24, 2002: Akshardham temple attack in Gujarat in which 31 people were killed.
March 13, 2003: Bomb blast on commuter train in Bombay in which 11 persons were killed.
Aug. 25, 2003: Twin car bombings in Mumbai left at least 52 people dead
July 5, 2005: An attack at the Ram Janmabhoomi complex.
Oct. 29, 2005: Three major blasts in Delhi in which 59 persons were killed.
March 7, 2006: Serial blasts at Varanasi in which 28 persons died.
July 11, 2006: 200 dead in serial blasts at Mumbai. Bombs were planted in trains and incident referred to as the train blasts.
Sept. 8, 2006: 37 dead in Malegaon blasts.
February 18 2007– Samjautha Blasts
May 18, 2007: Mecca Masjid blasts at Hyderabad in which 13 persons were killed.
Aug. 25, 2007: Twin blasts at Hyderabad in which 42 persons were killed.
October 11 2007- Blast at Ajmer
November 23 2007- Blasts at a court in Uttar Pradesh.
May 13, 2008: Serial blasts at Jaipur in which 63 persons were killed.
July 25, 2008: Bangalore serial blasts in which one person was killed.
July 26, 2008: Serial blasts at Ahmedabad in which 45 persons were killed.
Sept. 13, 2008: Serial blasts in New Delhi in which 21 persons were killed.
Sept. 27, 2008: Blast in a New Delhi flower market in which one person died.
November 26 2008- One of the worst incidents on Indian soil, the infamous 26/11 attack in which over 150 persons lost their lives.
February 13 2010- Blasts at Pune’s German Bakery in which 17 persons lost their lives.
September 19 2010– Firing and blast outside Delhi’s Jama Masjid.
December 7 2010– Blast at Varanasi leaves one toddler dead
July 13 2011– Blasts in Mumbai in which 27 persons lost their lives.
September 11 2011– Blast at Delhi High Court in which 11 persons were killed.
After the Parliament attack– The Parliament attack made India realize the threat of terrorism and also woke the nation up to the capability that Pakistan really had. India realized that terror groups from across the border were capable of hitting at the epi centre of the country. While India did manage to tackle the issue of terrorism to a great extent emerging from across the border, it however sttlipped up where the issue of home grown terror was concerned. Looking above at the chronology one gets to see this picture.
There was an emergence of two types of terrorism after the Parliament attack. The Home Grown jihad and also a counter attack in the form of terrorism by Hindu radicals. There was a great deal of dominance by the Lashkar-e-Tayiba in particular post the Parliament attack. However what Pakistan began to realize is that if it continued to use its own forces then there was a great chance of things getting out hand and it snow balling into a full fledged war. They had issues galore in India such as the Babri Masjid demolition and also the Godhra incident to stir up the sentiments of some Muslims. The immediate target was the Students Islamic Movement of India. The ISI did manage to tap into the more radical elements in this organization and train them for terror operations. This eventually led to the ban of the entire group which only enhanced the resolve of some of the radical elements.
However the SIMI was unable to function for too long as the security agencies were on their trail. There was a gradual break away of the SIMI and it emerged into the deadly Indian Mujahideen. Although some members of this group were readying themselves for the big job since the year 2003 itself, their emergence was seen only in the year 2007 during the Uttar Pradesh court blasts. After these blasts a mail was sent out in the name of the IM. Although no one took them seriously at that time, they did manage to prove that they were the next big force to reckon with. Intelligence Bureau officials had even termed them as the SIMI party II.
While the IM went about its operations in the most brazen manner using both technology and ideology to the fullest, the country was witness to another form of terrorism. The spate of attacks on Indian soil by Muslim radicals both from India and Pakistan angered a couple of Hindu radicals. There were a series of blasts at Malegaon, Mecca Masjid and also on the Samjautha Express. The immediate blame after these blasts once again pointed towards Islamic organizations. However it was only in the later part of 2008 did another picture come out. The Maharashtra ATS then headed by the late Hemanth Karkare while investigating the matter found that it was a group led by Colonel Purohith, Sunil Joshi and Sadhvi Pragya Singh which executed these attacks. The later part of the investigation also went on to reveal that there were more persons such as Swami Aseemanand who were involved in these attacks.
Today India cannot say with much pride that it has dealt a deadly blow to terrorists. It has multiple problems on hand and terrorism from both factions are equally dangerous. However while speaking to a couple of Intelligence Bureau officials, they would still rate the threat from across the border as deadlier. While home grown terrorism would continue to cause a nuisance value to our country, the bigger attacks would always emerge out of Pakistan and the 26/11 attack is proof of the same, they point out.