June 23 2004 is one date I will never forget. It is a struggle I will
never forget. The day my tryst with technology began. Nokia had announced the launch of it’s 6600.
Browsing through the features online one thought came to my mind- could it get any better. A video camera a beautiful camera sync options and to top it all a blue tooth. I had to have it. But then the irony was- when will it launch in India? Those were the days when I took home a salary of Rs 6k and this phone cost 21000. Cut down on smoking, eating out and pulled out whatever little I had saved. I somehow
managed the money. Well then that done I had to figure out how I would lay my hands on the phone. Thought and pondered and as luck would have it a friend of mine told me he would be leaving for London. I left for his home at 9 PM on June 10 2004. Literally begged him to get the phone for me. After much argument whether it was worth spending so much on a phone he finally agreed and took the money from me.
Well the next 2 weeks were the best. The wait was never ending but worth it. A day before he landed I mailed him saying that I would meet him at the airport itself and also told him not to keep the phone in the check in luggage. He landed in Banalore at 2 AM and guess what, I was there to receieve him. He was irritated at first when I asked him where is the phone instead of how he was. He handed me the phone and I left for home before thanking him.
I must have rode back home like a maniac as I didn’t want to lose even a minute. At home I ripped the packet open and all through I kept shouting at my wife asking her how she could sleep when something so beautiful was about to happen. She couldn’t care less. I fixed the battery and inserted my Airtel sim and then switched it on. The display was something that I had never seen before. The sound of nokia on polyphronic was like the sexiest nightingale. I will never forget that moment as a tear rolled down my eye. I called office that morning and sought leave. Nirad my chief asked if you are sick why are u sounding as though you have had a child. I told him that I did have a child and I am too giddy with happiness. He didn’t argue.
The whole day was like a ride at Disney for me. The beauty was the more I did with it the more there was remaining. The cult phone of the world had arrived. Today every phone is derived from the 6600. Four years later too when I used to open the phone I used to wonder- wow man it can’t get any better.
Well I took care of it like my baby and never let it out of my sight. Well you guys might be wondering why I am writing all this. As much as I hate to say it this is an obituary to my 6 year old baby who died two days back. Really don’t want to go into the details of how and when since a death is a death and my baby has gone forvever. Before concluding I would like to take a moment to tell it that there is so much I learnt and I enjoyed every moment that I spent with you.
Wherever you are please be happy and remember I miss you like crazy. You were and will always remain the best. RIP :(((
Pakistan has made a last ditch attempt to get custody of Ajmal Kasab, the gunman from the Mumbai 26/11 attack whose fate will be decided on May 3. Pakistan has sought the help of the Interpol to get custody of both Kasab and Fahim Ansari who are standing trial in India in connection with the Mumbai case.
The question that is now being asked is if this move by Pakistan will have any effect on the sentencing of these two men which is slated for May 3? Experts say that India has got nothing to worry and this is nothing more than a gimmick in order to build up some pressure.
Joginder Singh, former chief of the Central Bureau of Investigation who was also the chief of the Interpol in India told rediff.com that Pakistan is trying to be holier than thou and this move by them is nothing but a gimmick. The Interpol is just a collection of bodies and is not bound by any legal framework. What the Interpol can do is issue a circular or a notice and circulate it. In the instant case, even if such a circular is issued and circulated it would have absolutely no bearing since Kasab or Ansari are not absconding and they are being held and tried legally in the Indian court. The court can go ahead with the sentencing and there is no need for us to respond to any such notice even if it is issued by the Interpol. The sentencing too can go on as scheduled since the Interpol has no legal bearing and the manner in which it works is through cooperation.
Justice Santosh Hegde, former judge of the Supreme Court of India says that the Indian courts will not be deterred by such a notice as it will not apply at all. We are holding these men legitimately and they cannot be handed over if such a notice is circulated. Pakistan is just trying to apply some pressure on India and it is clear that they are doing nothing but stooping so low internationally. They are well aware that Kasab is in our custody and there is a legitimate trial that is going on. Pakistan does have the tendency of acting in this manner. I would have to say that this is just a counter measure on the part of Pakistan in response to the dossier sent by us in which we have sought for the extradition of the Lashkar-e-Tayiba heads. It is a very poor tactic being used internationally despite them being blamed for the attack. India should just not bother about this and go ahead and sentence the accused in the Mumbai attack.
The unsuccessful launch of the GSAT-4 satellite aboard the GSLV-D3 is a major setback for the indigenous space program of the Indian Space Research Organisation. The GSLV D3 was powered fro the first time by a home made cryogenic engine which made India the 6th nation after US, Russia, Japan, France and China to possess such a complex technology. ISRO officials said that the Rs 330 crore mission failed minutes after the rocket lifted off at 4.27 PM. Although they would go ahead with the same mission next year, it is still considered to be a set back since ISRO had planned on using the GSLV rocket for its second moon mission.
ISRO Chairman however pointed out that the moon mission would be on schedule and the failure of this mission would not have any impact on the moon mission. ISRO is still looking into the reasons for this failure and a report on the same is expected in the next three days, We are not sure if the main cryogenic engine did ignite as the vehicle started to tumble. When we tested the cryogenic engine on the ground it got ignited.
This mission was unique for ISRO since in the past five flights of the GSLV, cryogenic stages which were used were procured from Russia. Besides, in the past the cryogenic technology was denied to India following US sanctions on Russia not to transfer this complex technology to India. Prior to the launch ISRO had said that the GSLV-D3 flight is significant as the indigeniously developed Cryogenic Upper Stage (CUS) is flight tested in this mission. This is the first time GSLV is carrying the indigenious CUS as its third stage instead of the Russian supplied Cryogenic Stage (CS), which was carried during its earlier flights. In 2006 the (GSLV-F02), with INSAT-4C on board, launched from Sriharihota could not complete the mission.
Earlier GSLV launches
GSLV-D1 launched GSAT-1 on April 18, 2001 (Successful)
GSLV-D2 launched GSAT-2 on May 8, 2003 (Successful)
GSLV-F01 launched EDUSAT(GSAT-3) on September 20, 2004 (Successful)
GSLV-F02 launched INSAT-4C on July 10, 2006 (Unsuccessful)
GSLV-F04 launched INSAT-4CR on September 2, 2007 (Successful)
ISRO says that the set back is serious in nature. 18 years of labour has gone into this mission and Rs 330 crore had been spent on the same. The ISRO chairman said that it would bounce back within a year by launching a rocket powered by indigenously developed cryogenic engine. He also added that ISRO will be flying two more GSLV rockets fitted with Russian-made cryogenic engines to launch two GSAT series satellites. He further added that the primary issue is to be self reliant in rocket technology and today ISRO is able to realize a cryogenic engine for Rs 36 crore whereas if it is procured from outside, the cost would be Rs 90 crore.
The brutal killing of 75 Central Reserve Police Force troopers and a Chhattisgarh head constable in the Naxalite-infested Dantewada district on Tuesday morning is a stark reminder of the murderous power that the Maoist terrorists wield today.
The Union home ministry has prepared a dossier with the help of police officers in Naxalite-affected states and the Intelligence Bureau, which identifies top Naxalite terrorists. While they have gathered some information about these dreaded outlaws, they are yet to put a face to most of them.
Mupalla Laxman Rao alias Ganapathy
General secretary of the Communist Party of India-Maoist.
Laxman Rao is said to have lived in the jungles for decades. According to security agencies, the 60-year-old Naxal terror leader is never stationary, and often changes hideouts in Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and West Bengal to avoid capture.
His tact, grasp of Maoist ideology and planning has earned him the rank of supreme commander of the movement and control of Naxal armies in over 15 states.
Born in Andhra Pradesh’s Karimnagar district, Rao is a science graduate and has a degree in education as well.
After the death of Kondapalli Seetharamaiah, the founder of the Peoples’ War Group, the main Naxal group in the 1980s, school teacher Rao took charge. Intelligence agencies say he has trains cadres in guerrilla warfare; he is also the final word on Naxal strategy.
Mallojula Koteswar Rao
Koteshwar Rao has given more media interviews in recent months than most ministers and movie stars have.
There has been speculation that Rao was injured in a recent police encounter in West Bengal, a state where he controls the Naxal terror forces, but the Naxals have denied this in an unusual faxed statement to the media.
Born in Pedapalli village, Karimnagar district, the plight of farmers in his region is said to have driven him to Naxalism.
Rao — who has a degree in science — is believed to have worked in Maharashtra and Chhattisgarh before he was sent to West Bengal where he revived the dying Naxalite movement. He is said to live in the jungles of Lalgarh, emerging usually to grant media interviews.
Katakam Sudarshan alias Anand
Sudarshan began fighting for Telangana’s farmers before he gravitated to the Naxalite movement. Bureau secretary of the CPI-Maoist’s central region he has been a Naxalite for nearly 30 years.
Intelligence Bureau sources believe he is in charge of Naxal operations in Andhra Pradesh and Chhattisgarh, two important Naxal states. Sudarshan is particularly influential in Chhattisgarh’s Dantewada area and that is why security agencies believe Tuesday’s massacre could not have occurred without his intervention.
Cherukuri Rajkumar alias Azad
Is the Naxalite spokesperson, one of the movement’s senior-most leaders, in police custody?
His mother believes so as do Naxalite cadres who say Azad went missing some weeks ago en route to a meeting with other Naxal leaders.
An alumnus of the prestigious Regional Engineering College in Warangal, Andhra Pradesh, Cherukuri did his master’s in technology before leading the Radical Students Union during the Emergency.
He went underground thereafter, and is one of India’s most wanted men. Or is Azad no longer most wanted?
Prashanth Bose alias Kajal alias Mahesh
Bose — a rare Bengali in the Andhraite-dominated Naxal leadership — is the Naxalites’s international face.
Bose, whose name is said to have cropped up several times during the interrogation of Naxalite ideologue Kobad Ghandy, interacts with Nepal’s Maoist leaders.
Nambala Keshavarao alias Ganganna alias Basavaraj
Not much information is available on this Naxal who is believed to be 54 years old and a native of Srikulam district in Andhra Pradesh.
Mallajula Venugopal alias Bhupathi
This native of Andhra Pradesh’s Karimnagar district shuttles between Andhra Pradesh and Chhattisgarh, and is Lalgarh Naxal M Koteswar Rao’s younger brother.
Balraj alias BR
BR is in charge of the Naxal publications which are printed in Bihar.
The dossier on Naxalites put out by the Union home ministry has several names of most wanted Naxalites in it and 99 per cent of the leaders in that list are from Andhra Pradesh, indicating how strong movement is in this part of southern India Vicky Nanjappa reports.
Ganapathy, Koteshwar Rao or Sudarshan, who hold important posts in the Maoist movement, all hail from Andhra Pradesh, and are primarily considered to be the men who have strengthened the movement.
It is largely believed that the Naxal movement in Andhra Pradesh has almost ended and the Greyhounds — a special squad set up by the Andhra Pradesh government — has neutralised them to a large extent. However, with the re-birth of the Telangana movement a couple of months back, security forces see a major danger — the return of the Naxal movement in the state.
The fact remains that the Naxal movement became strongest during the Telangana movement, almost 60 years back, and with the issue on a boil once again, security agencies do not rule out a Naxal resurgence again in Andhra Pradesh.
Each of the leaders in the most wanted list has had an affiliation with the Telangana movement prior to taking the Red route.
There are two versions to the story of emergence of the Naxal movement in Andhra Pradesh. A section claims that the birth of the movement originally took place when people were fed up of the atrocities of the Nizam of Hyderabad.
A group of people came together to protest these acts, and finally, took up violent means to counter the Nizam and safeguard the people.
However, the most common version that is quoted is the affiliation of the Naxal movement to Telangana movement, which was an off shoot of the poor living conditions and the barbaric zamindari rule in these regions.
Most of the leaders who now form a part of the Naxal movement were initially part of the Radical Students Union, and later the Telangana Sangharsha Samithi.
Most of the leaders who belonged to these movements then moved into the Naxal movement, and from there they started to take up larger issues such as farmers’ problems, while also demanding a separate Telangana state.
Sympathisers of the movement say that the Andhra government has always been hostile towards the problems of the farmers. The police force always suppressed the farmers when they tried raising their voice for better living conditions. The ruling class of Andhra Pradesh was always accused of using the political system to their advantage.
The Naxal movement became extremely popular in Andhra, since at that time, the violence was very limited in nature. The movement was considered to be the strongest in Adilabad, Warangal, Khammam, East Godavari and Visakhapatnam districts.
Records show that unlike the rest of Andhra Pradesh where the movement spread with the help of armed squads in northern Telangana, the movement was mostly popularised by the labour class and students.
There was huge awareness in the Telangana region for the formation of a separate state, and the labour class and students unions decided to spread the ideology of Maoism through peaceful means.
However, this did not last long and blaming the government and the police for suppressing the movement, the armed squads reached the Telangana regions too, and the struggle became violent.
This struggle did manage to drive out the landlords, but that did not end matters. A new class of people called the ‘rich elite’ started flocking these areas and the poor people felt that the only way to keep their rights intact was continue supporting the Naxal movement.
The first signs of major violence by the Naxalites was in 1985. Two policemen were killed in separate incidents in Dharmapuri in Karimnagar and Warrangal. The war had come out in the open. The police retaliated with a host of encounters. The battle only got worse in the years to come.
In 1990 paramilitary forces were deployed for the first time in Andhra Pradesh. However, the Naxal movement had grown by now, and they had acquired a new skill of blowing up police vehicles.
As a compromise strategy, the government decided to hold talks and send the paramilitary forces back. There was even speculation that the Congress, which returned to power after the rule of the Telegu Desam Party, had permitted the Maoists to carry out their ‘political’ activities openly.
However, there was a fallout, as it is believed that the Congress did not live up to the promise of pre-election agreement.
The movement got even more aggressive then, and the Maoists declared that they would be in control of the whole of northern Telangana, the Nallamalla forests in the Krishna basin and also the Eastern Ghat hills.
Experts point out that it was the formation of the Peoples’ War Group by these persons in the 1980s which made this movement extremely violent in nature.
It is pointed out this was a battle which originally commenced for land reforms. However, the sympathisers of this movement allege that despite the Andhra government adopting several laws to this effect — such as the Andhra Pradesh Land Reforms (Ceiling and Agriculture Holdings) Act of 1973 — it was never properly implemented. It is alleged that most of the land that was distributed to the tribals were dry lands and of poor quality.
Although this problem existed in many states, Andhra has always been the epicentre of the problem. The movement gradually spilled into West Bengal, Maharashtra, Bihar and Orissa.
However, the very reason for the Andhra leadership of Naxals being so popular in the entire country is largely due to the fact that the movement turned into an arms struggle for the first time in this state.
The violent means adopted by the PWG had put the government on the backfoot several times and this encouraged the Naxal cadres of the other states to adopt to the same module.
The Naxal leaders from Andhra were preferred, since they had been using violent means from a long time and were well versed in this kind of ‘guerilla’ warfare.
After the advent of the Greyhounds in Andhra Pradesh, the movement was neutralised to a large extent, which in turn forced most of the leaders to leave the state. All these leaders then took shelter in other states such as West Bengal, Bihar and Chhattisgarh, from where they continue to operate even today.
However, it was not only the Greyhounds which played a major role in neutralising the movement. There is a big change in the mindset of the youth of Andhra.
They feel that there was a need to drive out the landlords from their villages and ensure equal rights. But they also point out that the Naxals managed to bring the police to their villages. This was a turning point, since the Naxal cadres started losing local support.
State Intelligence officials who are on the job at the affected areas told rediff.com that the reason behind the sudden surge in power for the naxals is that they had been a recruitment spree. The recruitment process is on fast track and there are crash courses which are being offered since they find the urgency to strike at regular intervals. It is no longer the prolonged procedure of training that is involved. They are very well aware that the security forces are trying to clean them up and they feel that they have very little time on hand. The crash course of the naxals just lasts two weeks. The training includes a very quick course on usage of weapons, conducting a recee, keeping a tab on security forces and attack.
The recruitments have been highest in the tribal belts and it is being increasingly noticed that they have managed to gain the support and the sympathy of the local population. This is a clear indication that the security forces have not been able to garner any support from the locals as a result of which they are not able to fight the naxals.
The IB says that the recruitment process is constant all across the red corridor and is not limited to one particular area alone. They have decided to speed up the process where the insurgency is highest, the IB also pointed out.
Mahendra Kumawat, former Director General of the Border Security Force and Special Secretary, Internal Security, Ministry of Home Affairs told rediff.com that this is a very serious issue. The forces who are being sent in should be well equipped and there is no way in which personnel who are not trained should be sent in to such combats.
The Naxal menace is the biggest internal threat to India and their primary aim to push India back and ensure that it never becomes a super power. They are growing in strength and in the days to come they would become more sophisticated since they have been procuring weapons from outside the country. I will not rule out the fact that they have tied up with other anti national forces like those from across the borders. This is a threat which has to be dealt with an iron fist or else it will only get worse as the days progress.
Kumawat further pointed out that there is a need to have a proper strategy to counter the naxals. The need of the hour is a specialized force to counter this problem.
Looking at the latest attack, one could say that there is definitely a need to increase the number of security personnel. The recruitment’sBSF by the naxals is on the rise and they are trying each day to outnumber our security forces. This strategy coupled with local support is what is making them such a strong force. Moreover they will continue to fight the security forces in the jungles itself knowing fully well that our forces are not very good at battling in the jungles. During their training and recruitment process they are specifically told that they will need to die for the cause and once such a mindset is instilled in them it will only make them stronger.
Speaking of the local support which the naxals have managed to garner while our security forces have not, the whole problem is regarding the tenure of the security personnel. He has to be given a long tenure in one place. What I have noticed is that to wage a battle of this nature, it is important that they have local support. More than once I have seen it happen that just when a security personnel is getting accustomed to the locals, he is moved out of that place.
In the backdrop of the latest incident, what our security forces need to do is sit down and analyse the situation just like how the naxals do. They will surely change their strategy the next time around since it has been noticed that after each attack, the naxals do hold a meeting where the attack is analysed, scrutinized and newer plans are deviced for the next attack. The interesting thing is that they analyse the mistakes more after every attack and ensure that the same thing is not repeated the next time.
KDG Nagar in Davangere has never been so festive before. Yes, they have reason to celebrate. Local boy Vinay Kumar has made it big; he’s been selected to represent India in next month’s T20 World Cup in the West Indies.
His mother Soubagya and brother Madhusoodhan are on cloud nine.
“It is the sweetest news I have heard till date. Our boy’s efforts have paid off,” says Madhusoodhan.
“I had a gut feeling that this would happen. He is a very passionate boy and has worked very hard. He was from a small town and, hence, had to put in double the effort. The manner in which he is playing in the IPL itself gave me hope that he would make it to the team,” he adds.
Vinay’s interest in cricket was born when he was eight years of age.
“At that age he said that he wanted to be a batsman and was focusing more on that. He used to go to the nearby ground and play, until one day Prakash Pawar, his coach, spotted him.
“Pawar Sir told him that he should aim at becoming an all-rounder; he also told him to concentrate on his bowling. Since then there was no looking back.
“You don’t know how it feels sir when I see my brother stand on the same ground which the greats like Sachin Tendulkar stand. I cannot explain that feeling. He has always worked for that and today he has achieved it.
“Being selected for the T20 team is the first step, and I have no doubt that he will make it to both the Test and one-day squad very soon. Vinay will be India’s main bowler very soon,” says Madhusoodhan.
Vinay’s mother was very emotional as she spoke.
“Cricket was always his first love. My husband Ranganath and I never discouraged him. He showed more interest towards sports than his studies. At the age of eight he told me, ‘I want to make a career out of cricket. I don’t want to work as anything else. I just want to be a cricketer’.
“It never worried me that he gave more importance to cricket. I never shouted at him even once. He was a good boy and did well; his studies never worried me. He completed his Bachelor of Arts course without any problem, but we had accepted the fact that he only wanted to play for the country. That dream has come true.
Both mother and brother say there will be celebrations in Davangere.
“Come down sir and you will see how happy this entire town is. See how proud our boy has made all of them.”
Is it the Al-Qaeda or the Lashkar-e-Tayiba? Which of the two outfits is deadlier? Post 9/11, the Al-Qeda was considered to be the most dangerous terrorist organisation in the world. However today, things have changed and it is official that the Lashkar is the deadliest terrorist organisation in the world.
Indian Intelligence agencies told rediff.com that this outfit was growing in terms of funds and manpower and today the Al-Qaeda is living of the Lashkar. The IB says that the ISI has played a major role in the growth of the Lashkar ever since the United States of America decided to wage a war against the Al-Qaeda.
The Lashkar was set up with an intention of fighting Indian forces in Kashmir. Their operation was largely restricted to Kashmir until the ISI instructed them to expand their tentacles and spread terror all over India. While over the years the terrorist outfit grew in leaps and bounds, it was the 26/11 attack at Mumbai which propelled this outfit into a different league. The IB says that in the past decade there have been at least 200000 persons who have trained under the Lashkar. However the Al-Qaeda does not even have half this number and this is a clear indication that the Lashkar is way ahead.
In terms of modules, technology, funds and manpower, the Lashkar is way ahead of the Al-Qaeda. The IB says that as of today, the Al-Qaeda has been pushed completely only in Afghanistan, but the Lashkar on the other hand has its modules world over. The alliances that the Lashkar has managed to get on its side is what has helped this outfit grow.
Apart from India and Paksitan, the Lashkar has set up modules in Kenya, Iraq, the Gulf countries, United States and United Kingdom, thus giving the indication that it is all set to launch global jihad. The Al-Qaeda on the other hand which had modules in all the above mentioned places has been pushed into Afghanistan alone. Today the Al-Qaeda operatives are fighting alongside the Taliban and their war is restricted to Afghanistan alone.
Experts point out that the Lashkar only appears to be growing from strength to strength. There are specific instructions from the ISI to the Lashkar that they ought to be waging global jihad and hence there is a complete change in the manner they have been carrying out their attacks. The future will see more attacks in which the Lashkar would target westerners, so that they are able to make their point to the rest of the world.
Experts also point out that the Al-Qaeda was a force to reckon with until it has the blessings of the ISI. However the moment the US waged a war against this outfit, the ISI dropped the outfit and focused more on the Lashkar. One of the most trusted cadres of the ISI, Ilyas Kashmiri who was with the Al-Qaeda too fell out with the ISI due to this change in pattern. He was asked to fight alongside the Lashkar in Kashmir, but he refused stating that his war was against America. However they have managed to rope him in once again and this has only strenghthened the Lashkar further.
Statistics available with the Indian IB would go on to indicate the threat perception of the Lashkar to a great extent. Following the Mumbai attack, they have changed their strategy and would now prefer the Indian bred jihadis to wage a war within the country. Zarar Shah one of the men arrested in connection with the Mumbai attack in Pakistan stated during his interrogation that they had 300 targets in mind. Interestingly none of these targets were in India. They included the US and UK and other parts of Europe. The arrest of David Headley is another indication to show how serious the Lashkar is about waging global jihad.
The IB says that the Lashkar is making desperate attempts to further its strenght world wide. The Lashkar has been targetting India alone all these years and it was the induction of Riazzuddin Nasir which changed the entire perception. He was picked up specifically to target the foreign tourists in Goa. The IB says that the outfit wanted to make a statement over there, but that plan fell flat following the arrest of Nasir. However they managed to bounce back quickly and carried out the Mumbai attack which gave them attention world over.
There is a dangerous precedent that has set in following the Mumbai attack. Over 20,000 sympathisers of the Al-Qaeda have shifted loyalties and today subscribe to the Lashkar. The IB says that the funding from the rich businessmen in the Gulf nations have now been diverted towards the Lashkar instead of the Al-Qaeda. However all this has not affected the relationship between the Al-Qaeda and the Lashkar. The two outfits continue to remain together, but it is just that the Lashkar has taken a lead role as of today.
In terms of technology too the Lashkar is way ahead of the Al-Qaeda. They have been using various techniques to wage a battle and sources say that they have the best of equipments as of today. Infact today, this is the only outfit which is capable of launching a biological attack and they have set up their labs for the purpose in Pakistan. The interesting aspect is that their cadres are in possession of every possible army training manual of the countries they face a threat from. When Nasir was picked up, some training manuals pertaining to the US marines were found on him. For instance they would have possession of a training manual of the Indian army so that they would be in a better position to fight them. Apart from this the Lashkar has been trying to get in its possession, unmanned aircrafts. There have been attempts by the ISI to ship it for the Lashkar, but there are no confirmed reports to suggest that they have managed to acquire the aircrafts. Off late there has also been movement of night vision glasses, bullet proof vests and wireless equipments and more sophisticated weaponary to Lashkar camps, the IB also points out. While these are pretty common equipments, the fact is that they have shipped it from the US, which is a clear indication of the reach the outfit has.
The IB says that the heat is definitely on the Lashkar. The US managed to dry up the funds for the Al-Qaeda, but with the Lashkar it is not all that easy. The interesting part is that despite the crackdowns on its fund raising activity, they continue to be carried on unabated thanks to the large chain of charity organisations this outfit runs. The Lashkar has over 700 charity organisations worldwide and this is the primary source of funds which unfortunately is being diverted towards spreading Global Jihad.
The first dossier deals exclusively with the 26/11 Mumbai attack. The second dossier is about Ilyas Kashmiri, leader of Al-Qaeda’s 313 brigade, while the third sought the handing over of the Khalistan militants and Indian Mujahideen cadres, sources told rediff.com.
In the first dossier, India sought the handing over of Jamaat-ud-Dawah chief Hafiz Saeed. Sources say that Hafiz could not figure in the earlier dossiers sent to Pakistan as agencies were gathering collective proof of his role in terrorism in India.
Moreover, the JuD’s role has come into the limelight following the mass meeting they held on Kashmir Solidarity Day, in Pakistan-occupied Kashmir where an open threat was made to target various Indian cities.
The same dossier also deals with American terror suspect David Coleman Headley, who has proven to be a major link in the 26/11 case.
Coupled with the proof handed over by the Federal Bureau of Investigation, which is interrogating Headley, the Indian dossier speaks in particular about two Pakistan Army officials, one of whom is retired.
The serving army official has been referred to as Major Iqbal. The name of this Major had cropped up during Headley’s interrogation when he admitted to reporting to a serving Pakistan Army Major. The Intelligence Bureau, who are also on this case, however, point out that the name Major Iqbal is fake since during such an operation the real name would never be given out.
This officer was a link between several foreign operatives and Pakistan-based terror groups. He played a major role in facilitating Headley’s travel and cross over into Pakistan with ease.
Another name is that of Major Samir Ali, a retired officer of the Pakistan Army. His name had cropped up both during the investigations into the Mumbai attack as well as the Headley case. He is believed to be associated with the Lashkar-e-Tayiba.
He had served with the Pakistan Army as well as the Inter Services Intelligence, and following his retirement, worked along with terror groups as a trainer. It is believed that he was part of the team, which imparted training to 26/11 gunmen. However, the IB believes that this too is a pseudo name used for the operation.
The other names that find mention are those of Zabiuddin, a resident of Beed, who had played an active role in the Mumbai attack. The dossier also seeks the handing over Abu Hamza, who imparted accent training to the gunmen.
The second dossier is all about Ilyas Kashmiri, India’s next headache. There is a lot of proof that has been built up against Kashmiri by the Indian agencies. His first ever statement came out following the news of his death in a drone attack. In a statement, he claimed that he had taken part in training the gunmen who attacked Mumbai.
He had stated that the entire operation was originally planned by the Al-Qaeda, but was hijacked by the Lashkar and the ISI. He had further threatened to launch Ghazb-e-Hind (Hate India), which involved carrying out deadlier attacks than the one in Mumbai.
Kashmiri’s name cropped up again during the interrogation of Headley, who had communicated with the former for future India-based operations. The latest communication from Headley was through an email sent to a Pakistan-based website in which he had warned to disrupt every event, which had international participation.
The third dossier was prepared initially with the names of the Khalistan-based militants. However, following the Pune blast, the names of several terrorists belonging to the Indian Mujahideen too were added.
While India tells Pakistan in the dossier to probe the role of the Indian Mujahideen operatives in connection with the Pune blast, it also lays emphasis on the role of the Khalistan militants in future operations.
Following the Mumbai attack, the initial dossier that was sent out had the names of several Khalistan militants. However, more names have been included in the dossier following the revelation that Khalistan-based groups in coordination with the Lashkar were readying themselves for a fresh attack in India.
While making a mention about the Khalistan-based militants, it also talks about the Karachi plot in which the Lashkar had roped in these Khalistan militants to carry out assassinations of various leaders. Jagtar Singh Hawara, Ranjeet Singh and Lakhvinder Singh are the three key persons who are part of the dossier.
The Indian Mujahideen aspect too is dealt with in the third dossier. Riyaz Bhatkal, Iqbal Bhatkal and Amir Raza are the three key persons who have been running the Indian Mujahideen from Pakistan.
India has proof to show that the Bhatkal brothers are holed up in the Defence Enclave in Karachi and are under the protection of the ISI. India says that the handing over of the Bhatkal brothers would be a great step towards cracking the IM code.
Amir Raza too is an important personality in the IM set up. Following the Pune blasts, his name has cropped up several times. Raza is a Pakistan national, who oversees IM’s operations from that country itself.
Rupees one hundred and seventy thousand crore (Rs 170,000 crore) is believed to be the amount of fake Indian currency that has been circulated in India in the past five years. Prime Minister Dr Manmohan Singh [ Images ] had said in a recent conference that fake currency continued to be India’s primary concern in its war against terror.
Various security agencies have preparied reports on the issue and say most of the fake currency floating around has been pumped in in the past five years. While it is a known fact that Pakistan’s Inter-Services-Intelligence continues to be the major sponsor of this activity, the worry is that despite steps being taken to counter this menace, they are deriving newer techniques to outwit security agencies.
Indian agencies have managed to stop smuggling of counterfeit notes from the Bangladesh, Nepal and Pakistan borders, to a large extent. This has prompted the terror groups to shift their focus to Dubai and Saudi Arabia to send fake currency into India.
The IB believes that the terror groups have altered the manner in which they transporting fake currency. At first, terror operatives who used to infiltrate into the country were used as mules to transport fake currency. After this was exposed, they decided to use the migrant labour class working in the Middle East. However following a big haul in Hyderabad prior to the twin blasts, the ISI had no option but to change this modus operandi as well.
Now terror groups look to women to carry out this task. Signs of women being used to transport fake notes came to light when the Research and Analysis Wing picked up three women from Maharashtra while they were circulating fake currency.
Until six months ago, Maharashtra was a major landing ground for fake currency. However now operations are believed to have been shifted to Hyderabad, since terror groups feel that it is a safer bet following the 26/11 attacks. The IB says although the base has been shifted to Hyderabad, the remote control is still very much in Maharashtra.
Fugitive gangster Dawood Ibrahim’s aide Hamza who was arrested recently revealed that Dawood helped a great deal in this racket and was constantly pumping fake notes along with consignments of arms and ammunition into India. He has been using his network in Dubai and other countries in the Gulf to further this operation, Hamza said.