Srinagar, Feb 25: The probe that is being carried out into the Pulwama attack has provided several leads that point towards Pakistan directly. While it has been ascertained now that the vehicle used in the attack was a red Maruti Eeco, investigators have also learnt that it was the Pakistan military that provided the RDX.
Srinagar, Feb 16: The preliminary investigation conducted by the National Security Guards in the aftermath of the Pulwama attack suggests that a mix of RDX and Supergel-90 may have been used.
When the Maharashtra ATS claimed that it was Lt Colonel Srikant Purohit who supplied the RDX in the Malegaon blasts case, it took everyone by surprise. However the NIA made a disclosure that was even more stunning when it said that it was an officer from the ATS who had planted the RDX to frame Purohit.
New Delhi, May 16: The National Investigation Agency in its chargesheet says after a painstaking and professional investigation it has recommended 10 names for prosecution in connection with the Malegaon 2008 blasts case.
The bombs that were planted are exactly like the ones which were found at Ahmedabad and Jaipur the two places where the Indian Mujahiden carried out massive attacks.
Initial reports would suggest that the bomb composition had ammonium nitrate, but when one looks at the 4 feet crater the use of RDX cannot be ruled out too.
Forensic Sciences experts say that if at all it is ascertained that ammonium nitrate has been used in this attack then one could say that the bomb was made by a professional and the packaging was heavy.
The first leads go on to indicate that the explosives were being carried in a suit case. The question now is how much explosives could have been carried in a suit case. According to the experts if the bomb was prepared with the help of RDX, then it would be a maximum of half a kilogram. Moreover when it comes to RDX it is easier to load a heavy quantity since RDX does not need any container to trigger off a blast. All that is required is it should be wrapped in a piece of and a timer device attached. Further when one looks at the case on hand and also the impact that the bomb has created (four feet crater) one gets the feeling that it was RDX.
However the bigger question is whether terrorist groups were ready to risk using RDX considering the kind of scrutiny there is regarding this. Terrorist groups have virtually stopped using RDX when they carry out attacks in cities since it tends to increase the heat on them. They have been using ammonium nitrate a great deal thanks to the lack of regulation and also the easy availability of the material.
Forensic experts say if ammonium nitrate was used in the Delhi blasts then going by the impact it becomes clear that it was assembled thoroughly and by a professional. For a blast of this nature at least half a kilogram of Ammonium Nitrate would have been needed and this was the quantity that could have been inside the suitcase. Moreover they would have had to keep the quantity down and going by the impact it gives the impression that the packaging was very good. When one uses ammonium nitrate in a blast the impact largely depends on the steel container or the piple in which it is concealed. If this blast could create a crater of 4 feet then the packaging was exceptional forensic experts point out. It looks like a bigger operation than just trying to kill and injure people. They had planted it in the car park and ensured that it had a big impact so that the vehicles could catch fire and create more chaos. Hence the impact was not meant to be wide as was in the 13/7 case, experts also say.
If it is ascertained that the bomb had ammonium nitrate in it then it would be interesting to draw a comparison to the 13/7 blasts. In that case the bomb was packed in a steel container. It was a very loosely packed bomb and moreover kept in an open place and hence the impact was lower. Moreover when bombs are placed in an open area it is designed in such a way that it creates a wider impact. This would mean that the shrapnel that is packed with the explosive needs to fly a distance so that it can hit as many people as possible.
However in the Delhi blast it appears that the bomb was packed in such a way to create an impact in close quarters and in order to make a powerful bomb it is likely that the material was packed in steel pipes which makes the impact stronger. Yet again speaking of an ammonium nitrate composition experts say that elaborate preparation would have been required in making this bomb which has high impact.
The Central Foresnsic Sciences team which is looking into the bomb composition will have to ascertain the packaging of the bomb apart from the material used. They would look into the metallic pieces that have been used in the making of this bomb. Apart from this the IED too would be important since it is the main device which triggers of the bomb.