Five CM’s-Analysed and scrutinized

Five states would be going to the elections in a couple of weeks time. While the nation awaits with bated breath for the results of these elections, it would be interesting to take a look at the affidavits of the Chief Ministers of these five states.
The National Election Watch which has made available and also analysed the affidavits filed by the five Chief Ministers of these states has the following details. National Election Watch (NEW) have analyzed the affidavits submitted to the Election Commission of India  of all the 5 Chief Ministers in the five states of Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, Uttarakhand, Goa and Manipur.
The Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, Mayawati is the richest of all the five CM’s. As per her affidavit she has assets worth Rs 87.27 crore. The lowest assets in the list of five CM’s is Okram Ibobi Singh, Chief Minister of Manipur has the lowest assets worth Rs 6.09 Lakhs.  However Ibobi Singh is also the only Chief Minister who declared their PAN information.
Prakash Singh Badal, Chief Minister of Punjab, is the only one who has got a criminal case amongst the 5 Chief Ministers. He faces charges of cheating, forgery, criminal conspiracy etc.
All the 5 Chief Ministers are graduates with Maj. Gen (Retd.) Bhuwan Chandra Khanduri, Chief Minister of Uttarakhand holding a Post Graduate Degree.

Detailed list regarding the five Chief Ministers:

Prakash Singh Badal, Chief Minister Punjab, Shiromani Akali Dal (graduate) : He is the only Chief Minister with a criminal charge against him in this list. The charges against him are punishment for criminal conspiracy (120B), cheating and dishonestly inducing delivery of property (420), forgery of valuable security, will, etc. (467), forgery for purpose of cheating (468), using as genuine a forged document or electronic record (471).

His assets list include, moveable assets worth Rs 2,54,63,551 and immoveable assets worth Rs 66602320. The total asset value is Rs 92065871.

Here is a look at the performance of the Punjab CM based on the budgets that have been presented under his leadership. Revenue expenditure increased in 2009-10 by 11.6%. The increase was mainly due to increase under general education, pension, assignment to local bodies and Panchayati Raj Institutions and roads and bridges. Punjab has faced a revenue deficit since 2007-08 since revenue growth has failed to surpass revenue expenditure. Punjab has the fifth highest fiscal deficit of all States which is 3.6% of its Gross State Domestic Product

Mayawati, Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, BSP (Graduate Professional) – She faces no criminal charges. She is however the richest of the CM’s in this list. Her moveable assets add up to 125750000 and her immoveable assets account to up to Rs 746992000, the total valuation being Rs 872742000.

Her performance based on the state budget are as follows.
Revenue expenditure increased by 18% in 2009-10, and significantly exceeded the assessment made by the government in the Fiscal Correction Path. Capital expenditure also increased by 12% in 2009-10, mainly due to capital outlay on rural development programmes and procurement of food grains.
More than 50% of the revenue income of the State comes from central sources in the shape of either grants from the Government of India or share of Union Taxes.
It should be noted that the Central Government has been transferring a sizeable quantum of funds directly to the State Implementing Agencies for the implementation of various schemes/programmes in social and economic sectors recognized as critical. These funds are not routed through the State Budget/State Treasury System. The Central Government in 2009-10 transferred an additional 13,710 crore directly to state implementing agencies such as the NREGS. The CAG has commented upon this saying it runs the risk of poor oversight of utilization of funds.
In 2009-10, salaries, interests and pensions payments together comprise of 59% of all revenue expenditure. Salary Bill in 2009-10 as a percentage of revenue expenditure (net of interest payments and pensions) was 50%, while the Twelfth Finance Commission norm was 35%. Pension payments have risen by 177% from Rs. 3991 crore in 2005-06 to Rs. 11,007 crore in 2009-10. Pension payments in 2009-10 exceeded the projection of the Twelfth Finance Commission by 66%. The Government has introduced a Contributory Pension Scheme to mitigate impact of rising pension liabilities. In 2009-10, major sectors given subsidy were energy (38%), rural development (28%), agriculture (20%) and irrigation and flood control (4%).

Major General Bhuwan Chandra Khanduri, Chief Minister, Uttarkhand of the Bharatiya Janata Party (Post Graduate). With no criminal cases against him he has moveable assets worth Rs 12172131 and immoveable assets worth Rs 4800000. The total assets add up to Rs 16972131.

The performance based on the budgets presented under his leadership are as follows.
Uttarakhand is a Special Category State because of its mountainous terrain, due to which there are higher infrastructure and transaction costs, as well as higher costs of governance. This means that special privileges are given to Uttarakhand, including financial assistance from the Centre in the ratio 90% grant and 10% loan, unlike non-special category states which get 70% grant and 30% loan.
Revenue Receipts were short by 13% in 2009-10 due to less receipt under Non­tax Revenue.
The State Government, in its Mid Term Policy Statement attributed the shortfall revenue collection to the recession in the economy and financial burden that arose by Rs. 2,500 crore after the implementation of Sixth Pay Commission recommendations. Capital Expenditure in 2009-10 remained unutilized to the extent of 16%, due to less disbursement under education, rural development and irrigation sector.  Over the last 5 years, the budget projections for Revenue Deficit and Fiscal Deficit have not been achieved. The State could not achieve the fiscal deficit target of 4% of Gross State Domestic Product as prescribed in the Fiscal Responsibility and Budgetary Management (FRBM) Act, 2005 for the year 2009­10 which stood at 5.94%.
Salaries, pensions and interest payments together consist of 72% of the total revenue expenditure of the Government in 2009-10, leaving a much smaller amount (Rs. 2424 crore) of revenue expenditure to be spent on new social welfare schemes. This amounts to less than Rs. 2500 per person.
The Twelfth Finance Commission norms prescribe that expenditure under the salaries head should be 35% of revenue expenditure while actual expenditure on salaries accounted for 53% in 2009-2010.
Expenditure on salaries increased by 44% from 2008-09 to 2009-10 due to the implementation of the Sixth Pay Commission.

Okram Ibobi Singh, Chief Minister of Manipur, Indian National Congress (Graduate): He has moveable assets worth Rs 269472 and immoveable assets worth Rs 340000 and the total being Rs 609472.

This is a preview of his performance based on the budget presented under his leadership.

Manipur is a Special Category State with a primarily agrarian population (76% engaged in agriculture). Population density is low at 103 persons per sq. km. compared to the all India average. The literacy rate is higher than that of the all-India average. The Gross State Domestic Product in 2009-10 showed a strong growth of 13.47%. Cumulatively, the Compound Annual Growth Rate from 2000-09 was 11.91% which is marginally higher than the other north-eastern states.
Revenue receipts increased marginally by 0.52 crore (0.01%) over the previous year. Though Tax revenue increased by 25.97 crore and State’s share of Union Taxes and Duties by 16.75 crore, Non–tax revenue and Grants-in-aid from Government of India decreased by 13.71 crore and 28.49 crore respectively, resulting in the stagnating position of Revenue receipt. Revenue expenditure and Capital expenditure increased by 392.12 crore (14.95%) and ` 120.98 crore (8.25%) respectively in 2009-10 over the previous year. The Fiscal deficit of the State increased threefold from 217 crore in 2008-09 to 733 crore in 2009-10. As a result, the ratio of Fiscal Deficit to GSDP increased from 2.83% in 2008-09 to 8.43% in 2009-10. This was mainly due to an increase in market borrowings.
Salaries, interest payments and pensions together consist of 45% of the state’s revenue expenditure in 2009-10. Salaries alone accounted for almost 30%.
The Compounded Annual Growth Rate of Salary and Wages of the State from 2003-04 to 2008-09 is 10.36% and was much higher than that of NE states (7.26%).
Pension payments alone accounted for nearly 8% of Revenue receipts of the State during 2009-10 and increased by 26 crore (10%) from 267 crore last year to 293 crore.
The Compound Annual Growth rate of Interest Payment for Manipur between 2000-01 and 2008-2009 is 10.11% which was much higher than average north east states (7.51%); indicating that the State’s economy was comparatively more stressed due to past liabilities.

Digambar Kamath, Chief Minister of Goa, Indian National Congress (Graduate): No criminal cases against him. He has moveable assets worth Rs 21510815 and immoveable assets worth Rs 10845195, the total being Rs 32356010.

Let us take a look at the performance of the state under his leadership.

Goa has a relatively low population density of 258 persons compared to all India average of 325 persons per sq. km. It also has one of the highest literacy rates of the states in the country, and one of the highest Compound Annual Growth Rates (14.35%) of Gross State Domestic Product (GSDP) of the General Category States in the country.

Revenue receipt grew by 16% in 2009-10 over the previous year mainly due to tax revenue.
Revenue expenditure increased by Rs. 802 crore over the previous year. The increase was mainly under Education, Sports, Art and Culture (160 crore), Pension and Retirement benefits (129 crore), Power (76 crore) and Health and Family Welfare (53 crore). The fiscal deficit during 2009­10 was 5.49% of GSDP. In 2008­09 and 2009­10 the Government of Goa has not received any debt waiver since the necessary conditionalities were not met – the fiscal deficit of Goa was much higher than the ceiling of 3.5 and 4% respectively.
Salaries, interest payments and pensions together consist of almost 49% of the state’s revenue expenditure.
During the years 2008­09 and 2009­10 the expenditure on salaries increased 224 crore and 268 crore respectively. The increase was mainly due to payment of Sixth Pay Commission arrears to the Government employees to the extent of 40% in 2008­09 and the remaining 60% in 2009­10. The entire arrears have already been paid with no further liability in future years.
Pension payments during 2009-10 increased by 129.94 crore, a highest ever increase of 59% over the previous year, mainly due to implementation of the Sixth Pay Commission’s recommendations. The assessment made by the Twelfth Finance Commission was 199 crore whereas the actual expenditure stood at 350 crore.

Summary of performance of all five states:
The highest fiscal deficit among the 5 state is in Uttar Pradesh, amounting to an all-time high of 20,513 crore in 2008-09 followed by Punjab which recorded a fiscal deficit of 6690 crores in 2008-09.
The fiscal deficit of the Manipur increased threefold from 217 crore in 2008-09 to 733 crore in 2009-10.
Punjab is the only state to have an aggregate revenue deficit of 13,580 crores from 2005-2010 – all the 4 other states have managed to show a revenue surplus in the period of 2005-2010.
In 2008­09 and 2009­10 the Government of Goa has not received any debt waiver from the central government since the necessary conditionalities were not met – namely that the fiscal deficit of Goa was higher than the prescribed ceiling of 3.5% and 4% of the Gross State Domestic Product respectively. For example, the fiscal deficit in 2009-10 was 5.49% of GSDP which exceeded the prescribed ceiling.
In Uttarakhand, in 2005-2010, the budget projections for Revenue Deficit and Fiscal Deficit each year have consistently not been achieved. Further, in 2009-10, Capital Expenditure in Uttarakhand remained unutilized to the extent of 16%, due to lower disbursement under education, rural development and irrigation sector.
Salaries, pensions and interest payments together consist of a significant portion of the revenue expenditure of the state government in most states, the two highest being 72% of the total revenue expenditure in 2009-10 in Uttarakhand and 75% of the state’s revenue expenditure in Punjab.
In Punjab, the expenditure on salaries in 2009-10 was 43% of the revenue expenditure, exceeding the norm of 35% envisaged by the Twelfth Finance Commission.
Manipur is the most dependent on central funding of the 5 states; being 90% reliant on GOI sources for revenue receipts in the period between 2005 and 2010.

The hopefuls:

Anil Vasudev Salgaocar
Independent
Sanvordem, Goa: He has moveable assets of Rs 714084216. He heads the Salgaocar Mining Industries which is involved in shipping, pharmaceuticals, mining and export of iron ore worldwide and has business interests in Japan, China, Europe and the Far East.

Ajay Pratap Singh alias Lalla of the Indian National Congress: He hails from the Colonelganj constituency. He has moveable assets worth Rs 11189703 and immoveable assets worth Rs 307430000 the total being Rs 318619703.

Kaushelendra Nath Yogi from the Tulsipur constituency in Uttar Pradesh of the BJP has moveable assets worth Rs 51943.

Thangkholun Haokip from RJD, Manipur has not declared his assets.

Amarinder Singh of the Indian National Congress from Punjab has moveable assets worth Rs 18405247  and immoveable assets worth Rs 366585000 the total being Rs 384990347.

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Does the Congress have answers for Goa?

There was a hue and cry after the Lokayukta report on illegal mining at Bellary and in fact it even went on to cost B S Yeddyurappa his chair as the Chief Minister of Karnataka. Today the entire focus is on Goa which according to the preliminary report of the Shah Commission gives the indication that illegal mining here is nothing short of theBellaryscenario.

Per se, it does not appear to be a simple case as it does involve a great deal of politicians in the ruling Congress. In addition to this there is also a direct link between Karnataka andGoathat can be found in this case and as investigations progress it becomes clear that the Digambar Kamath government will have a major headache to deal with. The Shah Commission has surveyed around 93 mines so far and has found illegalities in various stages.

Looking at bothBellaryandGoait becomes clear that the devastation is almost similar in both these areas. However according to sources there is every likelihood of more devastation being found inGoa. There are around 135 mines inGoaand mining takes place in 4 taluks. What makes it worse is that last year alone around 50 million tonnes of ore has been extracted out of such a small area which gives the clear indication that the impact and rate at which mining has taken place is very disturbing.

Goahas long been a target of mining and according to records this activity started way back in the 1940s. However all these years this activity has been unchecked. Moreover this activity has been restricted to the forest areas inGoaand this has also added to the devastation. Another shocking fact is that there are around 800 mining leases given out inGoa, but the government says that only around 300 are in operation. This would mean that the rest of mining leases that have been granted are all operating illegally.

As the probe on illegal mining progresses more skeletons are expected to tumble out since the more one digs into these mines in Goa, the more illegalities can be found. There are some mines which have been operating for the past two decades without any approval from the authorities concerned. In addition to this what has also been found is that despite the expiry of leases in the year 2007 most of the mine owners continue to operate without any proper sanction. The most painful aspect of them all is that mining continues in areas next to wildlife sanctuaries despite a Supreme Court order banning all activity in a one kilometre radius. The most common factor that one finds between Goa andBellaryis that of raising contracts.Goais also a party to this illegality where mines are being run by proxy owners.

The Shah Commission would also depend on the statistics that are available with the Public Accounts Committee which clearly states that in the past 12 years 34 million tonnes of iron ore has been exported illegally from the mines inGoa.

The depositions before the Shah Commission is also another interesting aspect. The names of several big wigs have been tumbling out and more are expected to come out in the days to come. The names of several existing ministers and their children are cropping up during the probe. Chief Minister Digambar Kamath who has also been the mines minister for 12 years has actually got the most to answer. Probes have pointed out that several norms have been violated which also include the Forest Act which was seized off by the Supreme Court of India.

The Goa government’s role in helping the growth of illegal mining was infact a public affair in the year 2009. 400 villagers had come out in the open at the Rivona village to protest mining activity in a forest area by a minister. However in the bargain the protest was quelled with 400 of them chargesheeted for disturbing peace in the area.

Going by the documents in our possession it is also clear that theGoagovernment does not have the answers to several questions that were raised by the Shah Commission.

Here is a questionnaire which gives a fair idea of the action that has or has not been taken by theGoagovernment in this issue.

Whether there is any violation and whether notice is issued to the lease holders/ stockiest/trader

Nil

No. of cases processed in the Court(Charge-Sheet filed)

Nil

No. of transportation permits issued.

There is no system for issuing transportation permits in this state

No. of cases in which mines suspended.

Nil

No. of cases of mines terminated in which license/lease terminated. Whether any mine is siezed or confiscated?

Nil

Nos. of Mines restored.

Nil

Whether any special drive is started? If any, result there (with IBM or State task force/ flying squad) with number of visits of the mines.

21 mining leases were inspected with IBM as a part of Inspection in Endemic Area carried out by Task Force – II of IBM (Phase 4) from 15/3/11 to 21/3/2011.

Prevention action taken based on other source for iron ore or manganese.

In case of one mine which was not valid, action to lift old stacks of boulders was stopped.

Whether the satellite imagining technique used by any State Government to find out illegal mining ifIronOreand manganese? If yes, give details and result thereof.

No

Checking or users of iron and manganese and details of export, if available.

The Iron ore produced in Goa is export oriented

Price monitoring (give details of price trends).

Price monitoring is not done by this Directorate

Whether any check at railway point/road check/ post.

Nil

Whether any check at port.

At both the ports exports have to furnished NOCs to the Captain of Ports/MPT issued by the Directorate of Mines & Geology stating that the ore being transported is from a valid leases and the applicable royalty is paid to the state Government before sailing of the ship.

Cases of Illegal Mining detected as per production given in mining plan (for iron ore and manganese).

Details shall be furnished subsequently

In case of excess production than the proposed production, whether action is taken for illegal mining?

Wherever required action shall be initiated

Amount of royalty recovered and whether checked on way at the time of payment, whether it was checked that production is from valid lease or by authorized license?

With effect from November, 2008 any valid lease holder who has to pay royalty to the state Government is required to fill up a special challan designed in quadruplicate having a separate colour by itself. The challan is required to be authenticated by the special Designated officer of this Directorate before depositing the amount in the two Designated treasuries only of State Bank ofIndiaone in North Goa and other inSouth Goa. No unauthorized person can pay royalty/others dues without authentication.

In case mines detected, where no lease was existing, whether criminal case is launched under IPC? If yes, give details and result thereof.

Nil

Furnish information about production envisaged and the actual achieved/ reported. The grade of the iron ore and manganese ore produced in the State ? Furnished details regarding grade available and the grade mined? (The iron ore produced in the state is basically of low grade with 55%-58% Fe, which at present has export market.

Total quantity permitted for all 90 working mines as per Environmental Clearance limit is 46.084 MT for iron ore 1.0MT for Bauxite and a quantity of 161.8 MT was extracted during the last five years.

Undertaking mining in the area without taking approval of the concerned State Government for transferring concession.

Nil

Raising of minerals without appropriate authority;

Nil

Raising of minerals without paying royalty along with quantity and grade;

Verification of lease holder date in process.

What is the modus operandi and methods of illegal mining activities in your State ?

– Illegal mining has been detected in 15 cases during last 5 years. Broadly the modus operandi noticed are as following :-.

1. In the pretext of digging ponds/excavation of silt etc. The parties obtain permission from requisite authorities for digging well/pond, etc. and it is difficult to identify the genuine cases until through enquiry is conducted.

2. Exceeding the rated capacity stipulated in the E.C. limit.

3. Development of property is undertaken to win ore found to occur at the surface. However such incidence has not come to the notice of the Directorate. 4. Violation of Condition Stipulated in Environment Clearance.

Whether any State Mineral Policy is strictly adopted by the State?

State Mineral Policy is under formulation.

Any statutory provisions made by the State Government

The StateGovernment has framed Rules namelyGoa(Prevention of Illegal Mining, Transportation and Storage of minerals) Rules, 2004 to curb illegal mining and trading activities.

Whether the provision are sufficient for controlling illegal mining, if not, what are your suggestions ?

Yes, This Directorate is making necessary amendment to the Rules of 2004, after taking into consideration amendment to the Rule 45 of MCDR, 1988

What step would you like to suggest at the level of State and Central Government Authorities for curbing illegal mining

Transit passes.

Spot visit of Central EC Committee/Penal having State Government Authority

Assess carrying capacity of the area both in terms of number of mines and infrastructure.

To assess mining closure plan in case of multiple licence holding prior to issue of EC.

Registration of Mining Trucks

Registration of Traders .

Do you suggest blanket ban on export of iron ore and manganese ore would help to prevent illegal mining activities in the State ?

No, the grade of iron ore exported is low grae which has export potential at present. There is no indigenous consumption of iron ore. Thickly forested area should not be permitted for extraction of minerals.

What would be consequences, if such ban is imposed?

The Mining activities will come at standstill as iron ore produced inGoais export oriented.

Whether illegal Mining and Trade of Minerals illegal mining taking place under the patronage of any political parties, extremist elements for powerful local leaders or any other extra-constitutional elements ? If so, indicate such elements.

Nothing has come to the notice of this Directorate.

What is the frequency of inspection of lease/ mines in the State and whether all leases / mines are covered under inspections ?

The inspection of mining lease is taken up on receipt of any complaint

Whether any powers is given to Police /Forest/ Revenue officer under

MMDR Act? and do you think there is a lack of co-ordination between various State Agencies like Police, Revenue, Forest Land Records etc; which gives loopholes for illegal mining activities and transportation of illegally mined minerals and ore ?

No powers given, however, these agencies have to act within the ambit of their jurisdiction, sometimes it is not forth coming often leads to illegal mining and transportation.

Whether you perceive that delay in grant of approval of various State

and Central Agencies is leading to illegal mining activities? If so, identify the Agencies responsible delay in grants of various approvals.

No Sir

What rule you perceive from the Central Government to assist in prevention and control of illegal mining activities and transportation of illegally mined minerals?

1. Mining Plan should not be approved unless proper site inspection done.

2. GPS monitoring of production/transportation .

What action is being taken by your Government on the MCDR inspection carried out by Indian Bureau of Mines and Reports and violation letter endorsed by Indian Bureau of Mines?

Action will be initiated incase IBM informs that the lessees has not Complied/Rectified the violation within the stipulated period.

In how many cases, C.B.I enquiries or enquiries by State Intelligence Agency were conducted and what is the outcome ? Give case wise details in chronological order.

Nil