Bhopal, Apr 19: Justice was meted out after two naxalites involved in the killing of a BJP MLA were gunned down by security forces. It may be recalled that the BJP MLA, Bheema Mandavi was killed along with four security personnel by naxalites in Dantewadda last week. The naxalites triggered an improvised explosive device, killing the MLA and the security personnel.
Raipur, Apr 09: A convoy of the BJP being attacked by naxalites in Chhattisgarh brought back memories of a similar incident that took place in 2013 ahead of the elections.
Naxalites targeted a convoy of the BJP in Dantewada in which 5 persons including BJP MLA, Bhima Mandavi was killed. The naxalites triggered an improvised explosive device to target the convoy.
Even as claims emerged that the naxals had taken around 300 villagers hostage ahead of Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit, the police at Chhattisgarh have denied any crisis. The police say that it is not a hostage crisis, but a meeting of the naxals with the villagers of Maringa which has been on since late last night. Superintendent of Police S D Sharavan informed that there is only a meeting on with the villagers and the naxals and there is no hostage crisis.
The brutal killing of 75 Central Reserve Police Force troopers and a Chhattisgarh head constable in the Naxalite-infested Dantewada district on Tuesday morning is a stark reminder of the murderous power that the Maoist terrorists wield today.
The Union home ministry has prepared a dossier with the help of police officers in Naxalite-affected states and the Intelligence Bureau, which identifies top Naxalite terrorists. While they have gathered some information about these dreaded outlaws, they are yet to put a face to most of them.
Mupalla Laxman Rao alias Ganapathy
General secretary of the Communist Party of India-Maoist.
Laxman Rao is said to have lived in the jungles for decades. According to security agencies, the 60-year-old Naxal terror leader is never stationary, and often changes hideouts in Kerala, Andhra Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and West Bengal to avoid capture.
His tact, grasp of Maoist ideology and planning has earned him the rank of supreme commander of the movement and control of Naxal armies in over 15 states.
Born in Andhra Pradesh’s Karimnagar district, Rao is a science graduate and has a degree in education as well.
After the death of Kondapalli Seetharamaiah, the founder of the Peoples’ War Group, the main Naxal group in the 1980s, school teacher Rao took charge. Intelligence agencies say he has trains cadres in guerrilla warfare; he is also the final word on Naxal strategy.
Mallojula Koteswar Rao
Koteshwar Rao has given more media interviews in recent months than most ministers and movie stars have.
There has been speculation that Rao was injured in a recent police encounter in West Bengal, a state where he controls the Naxal terror forces, but the Naxals have denied this in an unusual faxed statement to the media.
Born in Pedapalli village, Karimnagar district, the plight of farmers in his region is said to have driven him to Naxalism.
Rao — who has a degree in science — is believed to have worked in Maharashtra and Chhattisgarh before he was sent to West Bengal where he revived the dying Naxalite movement. He is said to live in the jungles of Lalgarh, emerging usually to grant media interviews.
Katakam Sudarshan alias Anand
Sudarshan began fighting for Telangana’s farmers before he gravitated to the Naxalite movement. Bureau secretary of the CPI-Maoist’s central region he has been a Naxalite for nearly 30 years.
Intelligence Bureau sources believe he is in charge of Naxal operations in Andhra Pradesh and Chhattisgarh, two important Naxal states. Sudarshan is particularly influential in Chhattisgarh’s Dantewada area and that is why security agencies believe Tuesday’s massacre could not have occurred without his intervention.
Cherukuri Rajkumar alias Azad
Is the Naxalite spokesperson, one of the movement’s senior-most leaders, in police custody?
His mother believes so as do Naxalite cadres who say Azad went missing some weeks ago en route to a meeting with other Naxal leaders.
An alumnus of the prestigious Regional Engineering College in Warangal, Andhra Pradesh, Cherukuri did his master’s in technology before leading the Radical Students Union during the Emergency.
He went underground thereafter, and is one of India’s most wanted men. Or is Azad no longer most wanted?
Prashanth Bose alias Kajal alias Mahesh
Bose — a rare Bengali in the Andhraite-dominated Naxal leadership — is the Naxalites’s international face.
Bose, whose name is said to have cropped up several times during the interrogation of Naxalite ideologue Kobad Ghandy, interacts with Nepal’s Maoist leaders.
Nambala Keshavarao alias Ganganna alias Basavaraj
Not much information is available on this Naxal who is believed to be 54 years old and a native of Srikulam district in Andhra Pradesh.
Mallajula Venugopal alias Bhupathi
This native of Andhra Pradesh’s Karimnagar district shuttles between Andhra Pradesh and Chhattisgarh, and is Lalgarh Naxal M Koteswar Rao’s younger brother.
Balraj alias BR
BR is in charge of the Naxal publications which are printed in Bihar.
State Intelligence officials who are on the job at the affected areas told rediff.com that the reason behind the sudden surge in power for the naxals is that they had been a recruitment spree. The recruitment process is on fast track and there are crash courses which are being offered since they find the urgency to strike at regular intervals. It is no longer the prolonged procedure of training that is involved. They are very well aware that the security forces are trying to clean them up and they feel that they have very little time on hand. The crash course of the naxals just lasts two weeks. The training includes a very quick course on usage of weapons, conducting a recee, keeping a tab on security forces and attack.
The recruitments have been highest in the tribal belts and it is being increasingly noticed that they have managed to gain the support and the sympathy of the local population. This is a clear indication that the security forces have not been able to garner any support from the locals as a result of which they are not able to fight the naxals.
The IB says that the recruitment process is constant all across the red corridor and is not limited to one particular area alone. They have decided to speed up the process where the insurgency is highest, the IB also pointed out.
Mahendra Kumawat, former Director General of the Border Security Force and Special Secretary, Internal Security, Ministry of Home Affairs told rediff.com that this is a very serious issue. The forces who are being sent in should be well equipped and there is no way in which personnel who are not trained should be sent in to such combats.
The Naxal menace is the biggest internal threat to India and their primary aim to push India back and ensure that it never becomes a super power. They are growing in strength and in the days to come they would become more sophisticated since they have been procuring weapons from outside the country. I will not rule out the fact that they have tied up with other anti national forces like those from across the borders. This is a threat which has to be dealt with an iron fist or else it will only get worse as the days progress.
Kumawat further pointed out that there is a need to have a proper strategy to counter the naxals. The need of the hour is a specialized force to counter this problem.
Looking at the latest attack, one could say that there is definitely a need to increase the number of security personnel. The recruitment’sBSF by the naxals is on the rise and they are trying each day to outnumber our security forces. This strategy coupled with local support is what is making them such a strong force. Moreover they will continue to fight the security forces in the jungles itself knowing fully well that our forces are not very good at battling in the jungles. During their training and recruitment process they are specifically told that they will need to die for the cause and once such a mindset is instilled in them it will only make them stronger.
Speaking of the local support which the naxals have managed to garner while our security forces have not, the whole problem is regarding the tenure of the security personnel. He has to be given a long tenure in one place. What I have noticed is that to wage a battle of this nature, it is important that they have local support. More than once I have seen it happen that just when a security personnel is getting accustomed to the locals, he is moved out of that place.
In the backdrop of the latest incident, what our security forces need to do is sit down and analyse the situation just like how the naxals do. They will surely change their strategy the next time around since it has been noticed that after each attack, the naxals do hold a meeting where the attack is analysed, scrutinized and newer plans are deviced for the next attack. The interesting thing is that they analyse the mistakes more after every attack and ensure that the same thing is not repeated the next time.